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WASHINGTON GOES TO THE MOON… 1961

August 25, 2012

 

Neil Alden Armstrong August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012

On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced before a special joint session of Congress the dramatic and ambitious goal of sending an American safely to the Moon before the end of the decade.

A number of political factors affected Kennedy’s decision and the timing of it. In general, Kennedy felt great pressure to have the United States “catch up to and overtake” the Soviet Union in the “space race.” Four years after the Sputnik shock of 1957, the cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin had become the first human in space on April 12, 1961, greatly embarrassing the U.S. While Alan Shepard became the first American in space on May 5, he only flew on a short suborbital flight instead of orbiting the Earth, as Gagarin had done.

In addition, the Bay of Pigs fiasco in mid-April put unquantifiable pressure on Kennedy. He wanted to announce a program that the U.S. had a strong chance at achieving before the Soviet Union. After consulting with Vice President Johnson, NASA Administrator James Webb, and other officials, he concluded that landing an American on the Moon would be a very challenging technological feat, but an area of space exploration in which the U.S. actually had a potential lead. Thus the cold war is the primary contextual lens through which many historians now view Kennedy’s speech.

The decision involved much consideration before making it public, as well as enormous human efforts and expenditures to make what became Project Apollo a reality by 1969. Only the construction of the Panama Canal in modern peacetime and the Manhattan Project in war were comparable in scope. NASA’s overall human spaceflight efforts were guided by Kennedy’s speech; Projects Mercury (at least in its latter stages), Gemini, and Apollo were designed to execute Kennedy’s goal.

His goal was achieved on July 20, 1969, when Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong stepped off the Lunar Module’s ladder and onto the Moon’s surface.

 

“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind,” Armstrong said..July 20, 1969

The public policy issues behind the Apollo Space Program:

These are two documentaries, each an hour long, about aspects of the Apollo 11 Moon landing story that never get told. Apollo is always the story of the people at Mission Control and Neil Armstrong and the engineers that accomplished this incredible technological feat. Very few people then look at what happened in Washington, DC. We very nearly didn’t go for political reasons inside the Beltway. The political problems of maintaining a coalition of support to fund the program were just a difficult as were the technical problems that the engineers in the field were facing.

You can read the text or listen to the hour long audio of the Apollo 11 Space Mission Moon landing story that never got told at the above link.

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22 Comments
  1. August 26, 2012 12:14 am

    Remembering the Apollo Space program bring back memories of happier times when I was a kid.. America was going somewhere- America was growing- There was a vision for America inspiring people to feel uplifted- We were competitive. We liked working hard especially if we were in a race… a race with the Soviets to the moon and we wanted to be there First…

    Hillary’s initial career choice was a dream. She remarked at one time in high school, her ambition was to be an astronaut. Well, we know how that turned out..

    Secretary Clinton, the country is forever beholden to you for not choosing to be an astronaut..

    You have fulfilled a destiny, part of your destiny I hope, to care for the country we love so much- our country, the United States of America. We look forward to hearing from you after you retire your position as Secretary of State and spending gobs of time with your family. You have well earned a much needed rest after traveling a million miles as the globetrottingest secretary of state in US history. Sleep in- dear Hillary- recharge and refresh giving your body and mind a much needed rest. We will still be here waiting until you are ready to lead once again-

  2. August 26, 2012 1:36 am

    I think Kennedy had promised that the U.S. would put a man on the moon in that decade. So there was time race aspect as well. I think the building of the Hoover Dam might qualify as a technological marvel as well.

  3. August 26, 2012 1:55 am

    ” I think the building of the Hoover Dam might qualify as a technological marvel as well.”
    …………..

    Yes, there is a fascinating documentary out there of the building of the Hoover Dam.
    The workmen building the forms for pouring the concrete dangling in the air at such extreme angles suspended only by ropes made of hemp (no safety nets, no helmets) hundreds of feet above the Colorado River. Could not do that today- OSHA would have plenty to say about workers safety issues.

  4. August 26, 2012 9:56 am

    How scared is Obama sending out an e-mail with these words attached? Begging for $5 donations? All it tells me is his Plan B is in play and he is making ready to use it.!
    ________________________

    Obama Campaign Email: ‘Hell No, It Isn’t the End!’

    Obama’s campaign manager Jim Messina sent an email Saturday that makes the Obama campaign seem like it is clinging to its last days in power.

    In response to an email sent two days earlier titled, “The end?,” Messina wrote, “Hell no, it isn’t the end!”

    “Our opponents want to close the book on the Obama White House and everything it represents — all that we’ve built together and all the progress we’ll continue to make together,” Messina said. “We can’t let that happen. Donate $5 or more now: …”

    In the email that incited Messina’s response, President Obama wrote, “75 days from now, I’ll either be looking at another four years in the White House — or the end of this opportunity.”

    President Barack Obama’s campaign has been outraised by Mitt Romney’s campaign and the Republican National Committee; Romney and Republicans have roughly a $60 million cash-on-hand advantage over Obama and Democrats. Polls in crucial swing states like Virginia and Midwestern states like Wisconsin that were once a part of Obama’s electoral baseline have been trending in Romney’s favor.

    LINK

  5. August 26, 2012 10:08 am

    The new movie “2016”- is building steam around the nation in spite of it’s limited showings in theaters around the country.. The reviews vary from total shock to reconciled confirmation felt by Obama supporters duped into voting for him.
    ____________________

    Box Office: Obama Doc ‘2016’ Stuns Hollywood

    2016


    Well, when you live in an elite, socialist bubble the obvious often stuns.

    [T]he Rocky Mountain Pictures’ documentary 2016 Obama’s America in third place after starting out Friday #1. That’s stunning because it’s playing in a 1/3 less theaters across North American than the other wide release actioners. (See below for more details). However, its hot pre-sales have made the pic frontloaded, and its ranking will fall steeply by end of Sunday. But its new cume after this weekend could make it the #1 conservative documentary (ahead of Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed’s $7.7M). The success of the anti-Obama pic comes on the eve of the Republican National Convention August 27-30.

    Gerald R. Molen, the Oscar-winning producer behind “Schindler’s List” and “2016,” and Dinesh D’Souza, upon who’s book the film is based, should send the corrupt media a fruit basket today.

    The corrupt media will likely tell you “2016” is a success because of racism and hate, but the real reason people are flocking is to try and grasp a better understanding of this awful, divisive, inept, and anti-American failure currently sitting in the Oval Office

    Nothing we’ve seen over the last four years and especially during this campaign in any way matches the carefully crafted image Obama and his media punks have crafted and bitterly clung to.

    The quietly competent and charming no-drama Obama the media assures us is the real Obama is in reality a feckless, ugly, dishonest, divisive punisher of success willing to accuse his opponent of felonies in order to hold on to power.

    And so America asks, “Who is this man? Where does he come from? What makes him tick?”

    In response, the media just pushes more propaganda.

    So we go elsewhere. Link

  6. August 26, 2012 10:29 am

    HOW IN THE WORLD CAN MSM CONTINUE SAYING THE ELECTION WILL BE CLOSE?
    The crowd in these pictures taken in Ohio yesterday morning belie the current polling appraisals done by the polling propagandists. It is apparent Romney hasn’t paid people to attend- nor have the attendees been handpicked in a staged effort showing support. Another example of the LYING media: MSNBC headline (without any pictures): “The crowd that turned out Saturday morning to hear Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan speak at the Village Green Park Amphitheatre in Powell, Ohio was estimated to be about 100 people”.
    _____________________

    Ohio 08-25-12

    Ohio 08-25-12

    Ohio 08-25-12

    Defeat Obama poster

    Some are saying, there were so many people at the Romney-Ryan rally, people were being turned back because of safety concerns for the overcrowded venue-

  7. August 26, 2012 1:13 pm

    Great pix of Ohio!

  8. August 26, 2012 1:29 pm

    For those interested, here’s the revised speaker schedule for the RNC convention.

    http://townhall.com/tipsheet/guybenson/2012/08/26/rnc_reveals_convention_schedule_themes

  9. August 26, 2012 1:32 pm

    😳

    Monday speakers will be rescheduled over the rest of the week because of cancellation due to Issac.

    Also, Scott Walker has been added to the speaker roster.

  10. August 26, 2012 7:04 pm

    University of Colorado prediction model points to big Romney WIN! (without RUBIO as VP)

    The Daily Caller 08/23/2012

    Electoral Map

    A presidential election prediction model developed by two University of Colorado professors points to a Big WIN for GOP presidential contender Mitt Romney in November.

    The model, the only of its kind to use more than one state-level economic indicator, has correctly predicted the winner of every presidential election since 1980.

    It predicts Romney winning the electoral college by a 320-218 margin and winning 52.9 percent of the popular vote when only the two major parties’ candidates are considered, the Associated Press reported Thursday.
    …………………

    That map has PA and OH in the Romney column, and just about every other battleground state. May it be so…

  11. August 26, 2012 8:29 pm

    Interactive Hurricane Map for Tampa Updated every 10 min-

  12. August 26, 2012 10:23 pm

    Fox TV did an interview today with Romney and his family. Actually quite nice.

  13. August 26, 2012 10:44 pm

    “University of Colorado prediction model points to big Romney WIN! (without RUBIO as VP)”

    There’s still the Soros vote-rigging software to contend with, but may it be so.
    Ever the pessimist,
    zp

  14. August 27, 2012 1:34 am

    “Fox TV did an interview today with Romney and his family. Actually quite nice.”
    ______________

    Between Romney and Ryan… Ryan said he has 55 cousins. They would constitute quite a mob of voters.. Romney is the epitome of the Cleaver family 50 yrs hence.

  15. August 27, 2012 6:53 am

    Romney ad

  16. August 27, 2012 7:03 am

    Documents Reveal [Obama’s]“Record Deportations is a Sham”

    Internal documents obtained by the House Judiciary Committee show that the Obama administration has been “cooking the books” in order to reach their “record” number of deported illegal immigrants, chairman Rep. Lamar Smith said Friday.

    Based on the internal U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) documents, the number of removals are actually down, the opposite of what the administration has been claiming.

    According to the committee’s review, in 2011 officials at the Department of Homeland Security began including the number of individuals removed through the Alien Transfer Exit Program (ATEP) in its annual removal numbers. ATEP is a program which moves apprehended illegal immigrants to another point along the border.

    The committee chair claims that counting those individuals as removals is misleading because there are no repercussions for illegal immigrants who are deported through the program, and they can simply try to re-enter.

    “It is dishonest to count illegal immigrants apprehended by the Border Patrol along the border as ICE removals,” Smith explained in a statement. “And these ‘removals’ from the Border Patrol program do not subject the illegal immigrant to any penalties or bars for returning to the U.S. This means a single illegal immigrant can show up at the border and be removed numerous times in a single year — and counted each time as a removal.”

    Given the new information, the committee’s Republican majority subtracted the ATEP removals from ICE’s deportation totals.

    With the ATEP subtraction, in 2011 the estimated 397,000 deportations become approximately 360,000, and the 2012 removals to date drop from about 334,000 to an estimated 263,000, according to the committee estimates. Projections for number of people to be deported by end of the year drops from 400,000 to 315,000 removals.

    The new estimates mean that this year the Obama administration’s deportation record is 14 percent below 2008 (which was 369,000) and 19 percent below 2009 (which was 389,000).

    The chairman blasted the administration after the discovery, charging the president and administration officials with falsifying their record to meet political ends.

    “In a campaign season when Administration officials have made a habit of spinning their numbers to ignore their real record, it’s no surprise that they are doing the same to their immigration record,” Smith said. “It seems like President Obama is trying to trick the American people into thinking he is enforcing our immigration laws. But no amount of spin can cover up the facts. It’s bad enough that the President has neglected to enforce our immigration laws but it’s even worse that his Administration would distort statistics to deceive the American people.”

    Smith has been critical of the administration’s immigration record, most recently with Obama’s deferred deportation plan announced in June.

    http://dailycaller.com/2012/08/24/new-documents-reveal-obama-administration-cooking-the-books-to-achieve-record-deportation-numbers/

  17. foxyladi14 permalink
    August 27, 2012 9:23 am

    jhb55 permalink
    August 26, 2012 10:23 pm

    1

    0

    Rate This

    Fox TV did an interview today with Romney and his family. Actually quite nice.

    And here it is enjoy. 🙂

  18. August 27, 2012 10:06 am

    Thank you, foxy for posting the full interview. The Romneys are comfortable in their own skin which is in such contrast to the current aloof, stilted, chip on their shoulder squatters who feel they are above it all with a ‘do as I say, not as I do attitude’. The stark comparison between what we have now for a US president and what we CAN HAVE for a US president if we overwhelmingly vote for the Romney/Ryan ticket is a no brainer for Americans. Therefore, I believe Romney will carry the Nation in a landslide victory unseating the people who stole Hillary’s destiny and who never belonged in the White House in the first place.

  19. August 27, 2012 10:19 am

    Foxy, btw- would you let McNorman know, Brenda Elliot the author of the #1 Amazon Best Seller in a political category, “Fool Me Twice” may be coming here on site for a discussion of her book..as soon as her book tour slows up a bit…

    Thanks-

  20. August 27, 2012 12:55 pm

    For anyone interested, Chelsea Clinton did an exclusive interview for Vogue this month….

    http://www.vogue.com/magazine/article/waiting-in-the-wings-an-exclusive-interview-with-chelsea-clinton/#1

  21. August 27, 2012 1:10 pm

    Romneys 2007

    The Romney Family in 2007 with their children and grandchildren.

    2nd generation Romneys

    MEET THE NEXT GENERATION OF ROMNEYS

    The five Romney sons are: Brothers Josh, Craig, Ben, Matt and Tagg Romney, sons of Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, as the Iowa Straw Poll in August 2007 in Ames, Iowa. [Getty Images]

    1. Tagg, 41

    Occupation: Managing partner at Solamere Capital, LLC (a private equity firm)
    Lives in: Belmont, MA

    Spouse: Jen

    Children: Allie, Joe, Thomas, Jonathan

    Fun fact: Tagg, who served as a senior advisor in Romney’s 2008 campaign, has been just as active this time around. He tweets (@tromney), linking to everything from campaign coverage to the latest SNL skit about his dad. His oldest child, Allie—who is also the oldest of Mitt’s and Ann’s 16 grandchildren—is currently being home-schooled just so that she can hit the campaign trail for her granddad.

    2. Matt, 40

    Occupation: Real estate
    Lives in: San Diego, CA

    Spouse: Laurie

    Children: Nick, Chloe, Mia, Nate

    Fun fact: In a family of pranksters, Matt stands out. In 2008, he prank-called his father, pretending to be California’s then-Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. You can watch the call play out on YouTube.

    3. Josh, 36

    Occupation: Real estate
    Lives in: Salt Lake City, UT

    Spouse: Jen

    Children: Gracie, Wyatt, Owen, Nash, Sawyer

    Fun fact: Back in 2007, Josh made headlines by visiting all of Iowa’s 99 counties on behalf of his father. He also seems to be the one most likely to follow in his political footsteps. Although he declined an offer to run for Congress in Utah in 2008, he said he was intrigued by the idea. “I think it’s addictive,” he told the Deseret News. “I think that really kind of stuck with me, just meeting a lot of different people and recognizing I could make a difference.”

    4. Ben, 33

    Occupation: Second year resident at the University of Utah School of Medicine
    Lives in: Salt Lake City, UT

    Spouse: Andelynn

    Children: Soliel

    Fun fact: Ben calls himself the oddball of the family—he’s the only son who has remained blond (most of the boys were towheads when younger) and he’s the only one who has pursued a career in the sciences.

    5. Craig, 30

    Occupation: Music production
    Lives in: San Diego, CA

    Spouse: Mary

    Children: Parker, Miles

    Fun fact: Fluent in Spanish, Craig recorded several Romney ads for Hispanic audiences in the past.

  22. August 27, 2012 1:18 pm

    jhb55

    Thanks for posting the Vogue article on Chelsea…

    She looks stunning..those are her colors.. the colors of summer… blue sky, beach sand and ocean blue.

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